The actors of research funding are the funding institutions and the project management agencies. These initiate, manage and fund programmes.
Reasearch funding supports the realisation of political goals. For this purpose framework programmes are frequently installed. The funding institutions are the ministries at the national and state level. Research is also funded by foundations, associations and companies.
Funding programmes define the eligibility to obtain funding for research. Framework programs often initiate several funding programmes to consider different aspects and to achieve structural effects.
Project Management Agency
The Project Management Agencies coordinate the correct allocation of funds to the science on funding programs. They have a mediating role between the funding agencies and the science.