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Forschungsinformationssystem Agrar und Ernährung

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SPP 1315: Isotope fractionation associated with sorption of polar and ionogenic pesticides to soil horizon A and B components - Fundamental studies and modelling Subproject: Isotope fractionation associated with natural reactions and sorption of pesticides: Analytical development and initial process studies


Umwelt- und Ressourcenschutz

Dieses Projekt leistet einen Beitrag zum Forschungsziel 'Umwelt- und Ressourcenschutz'. Welche Förderer sind dazu aktiv? Welche Teilziele gibt es dazu? Schauen Sie nach:
Umwelt- und Ressourcenschutz

Förderkennzeichen: DFG SPP 1315
Laufzeit: 01.01.2007 - 31.12.2010
Forschungszweck: Grundlagenforschung

Compound specific isotope analysis (CSIA) can be used to investigate and monitor the fate of organic contaminants in groundwater and soil systems. CSIA measures the isotope composition of a compound at natural abundance. The ratio of the isotopes (13C/12C, 2H/1H, 15N/14N, 18O/16O) is given relative to the international standard (Peedee Belemnite for carbon). On the one hand, different isotopic compositions of the same chemical substance can be used as fingerprints to determine the source of contamination. On the other hand, it may serve to verify that biological degradation occurs. It is well established that during chemical reactions and biodegradation, the heavier isotopes become enriched within the remaining substrate and the light isotope becomes enriched on the site of the products. But it is not well established to what extend sorption of pesticides at soil components leads to similar isotope fractionation in the pesticides. CSIA as a tool to verify biodegradation might also serve as tool to investigate natural reactions as well as sorption associated with isotope fractionation.

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