Logo of the Information System for Agriculture and Food Research

Information System for Agriculture and Food Research

Information platform of the Federal and State Governments

3D-Mosaic (3D-Mosaic)

Collaborative Project

Contract period: 01.05.2011 - 30.04.2013
Budget: 890000 Euro
Coordinating institution: Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering and Bioeconomy

In the cultivation of tree crops, water is a critical input factor and irrigation is necessary in all European countries. As a matter of fact, input requirements in an orchard vary in space and time due to the variability of climate, soil and plant growth. Spatial patterns of soil and plant properties can be regarded as a 3D-Mosaic. Thus, an optimum orchard management has to address seasonal and spatial variability in soil and micro-climate that affect plant growth and fruit development. However, irrigation today is commonly managed at the orchard level and not at the tree level. Uniform irrigation frequently creates sub-optimum conditions with some parts of the orchard having insufficient water while other parts suffer from water logging and subsequent oxygen shortage. Consequently, water is wasted and/or yield and fruit quality are reduced. Tree-scale leaf area index and fruit load and individual fruit-scale size, water content, and maturity-related pigmentation represent information vital for orchard management resp. irrigation decision making. Until now, these parameters have been underutilized due to lack of automation of their monitoring. The target of 3D-Mosaic is to promote precision management of orchards by means of a decision support system (DSS) aiming to optimize efficiency of inputs including water and to diminish the environmental footprint of fruit production. The DSS will apply information and communication technologies (ICT) for precision management of the most economically relevant tree crops, apple and citrus. For this purpose, sensors, monitoring strategies, information processing and decision support systems will be developed. Together, these will produce maps for orchard management including irrigation.

show more show less

Collaborative Projects

Vision system

Leading institution: Departement Life Sciences und Facility Management (ZHAW)

Fruit information

Leading institution: Politecnico di Milano

Field tests

Leading institution: Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering and Bioeconomy

GIS System

Leading institution: Versas Consultores S.L.

Decision support system

Leading institution: Agricultural Research Organization (Volcani Center)

Advanced Search