Under FP7, SMEs - Small Medium Enterprises - can strengthen their overall position through networking and relationship building with international partners, access to research centres of excellence, and development of research and innovation. Actions will be encouraged across the entire field of science and technology, utilising a bottomup approach. Two dedicated measures will be implemented: i - Research for SMEs: to support small groups of innovative SMEs in solving common or complementary technological problems. ii - Research for SME associations: to support SME associations and SME groupings in developing solutions to problems common to large numbers of SMEs in specific sectors. These two measures primarily address the large community of SMEs with a capacity to innovate but with limited research capabilities. To increase the participation of and benefit for SMEs, the outsourcing character of the measures will be strengthened.